Investors need access to high quality investment information and they need a process for how to use it to manage their stock portfolios. While the quantity of investment information is vast, much of the quality is lacking. Both individual investors and financial advisors are short-term focused, neglecting long-term strategies. The results have been excessive financial damage during volatile markets. Hagenbuch and Capalbo recommend a step-by step approach to building portfolios using different types of securities research from a variety of sources. Their approach focuses first on the portfolio, and second upon the choice of individual stocks.